The United Republic of Tanzania lies just south of the equator in East Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean to the East. It’s bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the North; Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the West; and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the South.
Tanzania is a safari destination without equal ; a quarter of the land has been preserved, led by the famous Serengeti National Park and the incredible Selous Game Reserve, and a rich mosaic of protected areas that host a total of about 20 % of the population of large African mammals.
Tanzania is also a place to discover many other wonderful places such as the Mount Kilimanjaro, the roof of Africa at 5895 m or the Mount Meru, the fifth highest summit of the Continent; Lake Victoria, one of the Africa Great Lakes and the World’s second-largest lake or Lake Tanganyika, the World’s longest, second-deepest and least-polluted freshwater Lake.
The magical spice Island Zanzibar can also be discovered, pearl of the Indian Ocean with its wonderful beaches, the fabulous sites of diving and mysterious medieval ruins.
The traveler has to know that unfortunately the Safari’s Industry doesn’t work with salary for tour guides, cooks and porters. So the tips they will receive will be the only income they can get when they travel with you. Those tips are not included in the costs of the safari.
The traveler has also to know that one of the goals of this company is to change this way of working step by step hoping that in future all our tour guides, cooks and porters will receive a real salary.
There are 2 distinct climatic zones in Tanzania: inside the mainland in the highlands (above 1500 m) with a tropical climate and on the coast, flat with a damp equatorial climate. Higher it is, colder it is.
There are 2 different seasons:
The dry season: from May to October. The hottest month is from December to February with sun, blue sky, dry landscapes and thirsty animals.
The wet season: the long rainy season is from mid-March to May but most of the rain is during April. Evenings can be cool, even cold. The short rainy season lasts from November to mid-December. It’s raining only during a few hours it’s not unpleasant and there are more animals to be seen.
• The Northern National Parks: significant heat but never stuffy. January, February and March are the hottest month of the year.
• The Mount Kilimanjaro: snowfall in the night during January and February. Freezing nights in July and August.
• Dar es Salaam and the East Coast: equatorial climate with a lot of humidity. It’s hot and stuffy all the year. The hottest month is from December to March. On the coast, it’s raining in November and December and from March to early May.
• Zanzibar Island: equatorial climate like as in Dar es Salaam and on the East Coast. It’s so very hot and humid except with the trade winds from June to September.
Most travelers need a visa to enter the country. It is advisable to obtain visa in advance of travel as certain airlines insist on them prior to departure. Depending on nationality and country of origin, a visa may be obtained on arrival in Tanzania.
The visa’s price varies by country and its validity is usually for 3 months. To get the visa you need a passport valid for six months beyond the intended length of stay. Sometimes a photocopy of your Airline ticket is required.
Tanzania has a good selection of traditional local crafts. These are available from craft shops in major towns. There are also a number of craft centers and artists cooperatives where prices are good. You can buy many different kinds of souvenirs during your travel in Tanzania, such as coffee and spices, Ebony wood carvings, beaded jewels Masaai specialty, (semi) precious stones like the famous Tanzanite, clothing and textiles as the traditional Kanga, TingaTinga paintings, etc.
Advice: don’t indiscriminately hand out pens, money or sweets because it just encourages begging. As anywhere, gifts should be given as a true expression of friendship, appreciation or thanks.
The traveler needs to be immunized against certain diseases to be allowed to enter the country:
- Hepatitis A & B
- Tetanus – Diphtheria – Polio
- Typhoid Fever
- Yellow Fever
You also need an anti Malaria treatment and an effective repellent.
The official monetary unit is the Tanzanian Shilling, TSH. But the dollar remains the second and the most requested currency in the country.